Erectile dysfunction (ED) or (male) impotence is a sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis (3). There are various underlying causes, such as cardiovascular leakage and diabetes, many of which are medically treatable. Some well-known aphrodisiacs are Tribulus terrestris, Withania somnifera, Eurycoma longifolia, Avena sativa, Ginko biloba, and Psoralea coryifolia.
Some of the herbs are Gokhru (Tribulus terrestris) Zygophylaceae (active parts ñ fruits), onion (Allium cepa) Liliaceae (active parts ñ bulb), garlic (Allium sativum) Liliaceae (Active parts ñ bulbs) etc. Other herbal plants with aphrodisiac activity are Datura metel, Atropa belladonna, Hyoscyamus niger, Cannabis sativa, Eurycoma longifolia, Avena sativa, Ginko biloba, Psoralea coryifolia.
An aphrodisiac is a type of food or drink that has the effect of making those who eat or drink it more aroused in a sexual way.
Aphrodisiacs can be categorized according to their mode of action into three groups: substances that increase libido (i.e., sexual desire, arousal), substances that increase sexual potency (i.e., effectiveness of erection) and substances that increase sexual pleasure.
The causes of erectile dysfunction may be physiological or psychological (4).
Folk remedies have long been advocated, with some being advertised widely since the 1930s (5).
The paper reviews the recent scientific validation on traditionally used herbal plants as aphrodisiac herbs for the management of sexual disorder erectile dysfunction.
An aphrodisiac is defined as any food or drug that arouses the sexual instinct, induces veneral desire and increases pleasure and performance.
The introduction of the first pharmacologically approved remedy for impotence, sildenafil (trade name Viagra), in the 1990s caused a wave of public attention, propelled in part by heavy advertising (6). There are many herbal drugs that have been used by men with ED with varying degrees of sucsuccess.
Most potent herbal aphrodisiacs are available and have little or very little side effects (7).
This word is derived from Aphrodite the Greek goddess of love and these substances are derived from plants, animals or minerals and since time immemorial they have been the passion of man (1).
There are two main types of aphrodisiacs, psychophysiological stimuli (visual, tactile, olfactory and aural) preparations and internal preparations (food, alcoholic drinks and love portion) (2).