The interview has been edited for length and clarity. Many more men than women were graduating from college, and there was gender bias both in secondary schooling and in college admissions.
Back then, there was this mindset that young women went to college not to prepare for careers, but to get their “MRS.” So the passage of Title IX in 1972 certainly leveled the playing field.
In an era in which women were getting married young and having kids soon after, there wasn’t much of an expectation for long stays in the workforce.
But I’m reluctant to attribute how we got to “50/50” entirely to Title IX, because women were making gains in college enrollment not just in the U.
S., but throughout the Western world, even in countries where the policy push for equal rights evolved more slowly.
The expectation of spending more time in the workforce made college a better investment.
And it’s not just cities – many rural areas also have these “educated man deficits.” As "Date-onomics" shows, this mismatch in the number of college-educated men and women leads to some surprising consequences, affecting not just dating, marriage and fidelity, but campus culture, credit card debt and even pop song lyrics. Since then, the college gender gap has been getting wider every year.
I spoke with Birger shortly before his book was released about some of his findings. In 2012, there were 34 percent more women than men who graduated from college. If we had had this conversation in the '50s or '60s, the gender ratios would be reversed.
The main idea is that women have been attending college at much higher rates than men since the 1980s, in the U. The dating pool for college-educated people in their 30s now has five women for every four men.
For people in their 20s, it's four women for every three men. In Manhattan, there are 38 percent more female college grads under the age of 25 than college-grad men, according to Birger's data. C., 86 percent in Miami, 49 percent in Washington and 37 percent in Los Angeles. that more men than women graduated from college was 1981.
For many women these days, it’s not “He’s just not that into you” that’s the problem.
It’s that “There aren’t enough of him.” So says Jon Birger, the author of a new book called “Date-onomics: How Dating Became a Lopsided Numbers Game.” The book, which Birger describes as “the least romantic book ever written about dating,” uses demographics, statistics, game theory and other wonky techniques to shed light on the surprising and growing gap between the number of college-educated women and the number of college-educated men. That has led to a big demographic mismatch for people who want to date and marry others of the same educational level.
I tend to agree with Claudia Goldin, who is an economist at Harvard.
She argues that the big driver for college enrollment is the expectation of future labor force participation.