8th century BCE) it took a few hundred years for this vital commercial development to result in the issuance of coins in or near Judaea.The earliest coins to depict a real person, rather than a mythological figure, were also the first money mentioned in the Bible (and the only coins referred to in the Old Testament).
The reverse shows an Egyptian-style eagle with its right claw resting on a ship's rudder (referring to Tyre's port), a club (Melkart is associated with Hercules), and the Greek inscription "Tyre the Holy and Inviolable" and a date.
The date consists of the number of years since the acknowledgment of Tyre's independence by Syria.
These coins, produced in large quantities, became the standard silver coinage in the Phoenician-Judaean area, replacing the coins of Alexander the Great.
The obverse features the representation of Melkart (Baal), the chief diety of the Phoenicians.
(#4) The silver shekels and half shekels issued by the Phoenician city of Tyre (c.
126 BCE - 66 CE) are perhaps the most significant of all Bible coins for both Jews and Christians.
The Persian gold darics (named for King Darius) were issued almost unchanged in design from c. The Persian king - Darius, Xerxes, Artaxerxes, et al - is shown running with a spear, sword and/or bow and arrow.
Ezra -69 indicates that "some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the Lord which is at Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God ... darics)." Alexander the Great set out for Persia in 334 BCE at the head of an army of 35,000.
(#5) The Jews had no silver coins of their own throughout the period of Tyrian shekels and half shekels.