This roster, which requires handgun manufacturers to pay a fee and submit specific models for safety testing, has become progressively more stringent over time and is currently the subject of a federal civil rights lawsuit on the basis that it is a de facto ban on new handgun models.
Possession of automatic firearms, and of short-barreled shotguns and rifles, is generally prohibited.
California is a "may issue" state for permits to carry concealed guns.
The willingness of issuing authorities in California ranges from No Issue in most urban areas to Shall Issue in rural counties.
Additionally, the issuing authority can also impose restrictions on the CCW permit-holder, such as limiting concealed carry only to the purposes listed on the approved CCW permit application.
All firearm sales are recorded by the state, and have a ten-day waiting period.
Unlike most other states, California has no provision in its state constitution that explicitly guarantees an individual right to keep and bear arms. Supreme Court decisions of Heller (2008) and Mc Donald (2010) established that the Second Amendment applies to all states within the Union, and many of California's gun laws are now being challenged in the federal courts.California does not recognize concealed carry permits issued by other states, and non-residents are generally forbidden from obtaining a California concealed carry permit.California has state preemption for many, but not all, firearms laws.Actual enforcement of California's firearms laws also varies widely across the state.The California Supreme Court has maintained that most of California's restrictive gun laws are constitutional, based on the fact that the state's constitution does not explicitly guarantee private citizens the right to purchase, possess, or carry firearms. California Penal Code §12031 defines what constitutes a loaded weapon.Semi-automatic firearms that the state has classified as assault weapons; .50 BMG caliber rifles; and high-capacity magazines (magazines that can hold more than ten rounds of ammunition) may not be sold in California.