According to the story, the Jews of the Persian empire were highly assimilated and well to do. A “gorgon” is a dreadful monster – a Medusa-like character with hair made of snakes.
In the story, Mordechai is constantly called “Ha Yehudi” i.e., “The Jew”. It makes sense that a coin would have been struck commemorating the Purim victory. The problem is that it hasn’t been recognized for what it is. And when coins seem to be referring to a Jewish province, they date much later and the faces on them depict real rulers e.g., Berenice I, the Queen of Egypt. But any child can look at the face on the newly-found coin and see that it represents a woman – a beautiful woman at that, with full lips, wearing earrings, a necklace, bangs and braided hair.
So far, Israel Museum’s chief curator of archeology, Haim Gitler, has called the coin “the earliest coin from the province of Judea”. If it is a woman, and not a gorgon, there is simply no other candidate for the woman on the Persian coin, with the word “Jew” struck on it, other than Queen Esther. Here we see an unusual representation of a lion and a bull. However, a little research leads to the revelation that Xerxes, the King of Persia, who is traditionally identified with “Ahashverus” from the story of Esther, was known as the “man-bull”. Put differently, a coin with Lincoln on its face can date after Lincoln, but not before.
The descendants of Haman and the descendants of Esther have always dominated Persia.
Persia/Iran is never neutral when it come to the Jewish people.
Although it is known from other contexts, the lion is the symbol of Judah. In other words, everything about this coin: the word “Jew”, the beautiful woman, the man-bull, and the lion all speak to a commemorative coin from the time of Esther. If it turns out that a coin you thought was depicting Lincoln is earlier than his lifetime, you know you’ve made a mistake about the image.
So from a dating point of view, the coin perfectly fits the period of Esther and Mordechai.
It has been recently reported that the Israel Museum has acquired the earliest coin mentioning the word “Jew”/”Yehud” on it.
It dates to the 5th century BCE from ancient Persia, modern Iran.
The amazing thing is that the interpretations that have been offered for the coin go against the plain meaning of the find.
What is also amazing is that so far, to my knowledge, no one has tied it to the most famous Persian Jewess that ever lived – Queen Esther.
For the good, it was the Persians who ended the exile of the Jews from Babylon and sponsored the building of the 2nd temple in Jerusalem.